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Salvation Army as a disaster relief organization: Haiti Earthquake, 2010 (2011 Report)

Where we looked

All of the below was examined in January 2011. Full references for the below pages are in the sources section of this page.

  • Salvation Army International's website (www.salvationarmy.org):
    • The Salvation Army Responds to Haiti Earthquake
    • Haiti - Twelve Months on from the Earthquake
    • Facilitating Human Capacity Development
    • Salvation Army in Haiti Commemorates One-Year Anniversary of Earthquake
    • Haiti: A Better Future
    • About Us
    • Our work
    • Statistics
    • International Emergency Services
    • World Map
    • Revive: Issue Date: 1 October 2010
    • Global Exchange: Issue Date: 1 July 2008
    • All the World: Issue Date: 1 October 2010
  • Salvation Army Caribbean's website (http://www.salvationarmycarib.org/):
    • Haiti Earthquake Relief report # 6
    • Emergency Disaster Service
  • Salvation Army Haiti's website (http://www.salvationarmyhaiti.org/):
    • The Salvation Army in Haiti: One year later, the work continues...
  • Salvation Army USA's website (http://www.salvationarmyusa.org/):
    • Salvation Army Continues Massive Relief Operation in Haiti
    • Salvation Army Provides Food for 7,000 Haitians, Medical Care to Hundreds
    • The Salvation Army Disaster Response History
    • The Salvation Army Disaster Response History (updated)
    • The Salvation Army FY 2009 Service Statistics
    • Annual Report (2010)
  • InterAction. 2010. Haiti Accountability Report 2010
  • Chronicle of Philanthropy
  • Google search, 'Haiti,' 'Haiti evaluation,' and 'annual report' on www.salvationarmy.org and www.salvationarmyusa.org.
  • Google searches for 'Salvation Army Haiti evaluation,' 'Salvation Army Haiti expenses,' 'Salvation Army Haiti spent.'

How much did the organization raise and how much did it spend?

Date Organization Amount donated Amount Spent
January 19, 2010 Salvation Army1 $4.79 million2 N/A
January 25, 2010 Salvation Army $6 million3 N/A
January 29, 2010 Salvation Army $9 million4 N/A
February 03, 2010 Salvation Army $10 million5 N/A
February 12, 2010 Salvation Army $10 million6 N/A
February 12, 2010 Salvation Army $11 million7 N/A
May 10, 2010 Salvation Army $21 million8 N/A
May, 2010 Salvation Army $20.5 million9 N/A
June, 2010 Salvation Army World Service Office $22.3 million10 $9.4 million
October 29, 2010 Salvation Army USA $25 million11 N/A
October 29, 2010 Salvation Army International $29 million12 $12.4 million
January, 2011 Salvation Army $39.8 million13 ~$20 million
January 11, 2011 Salvation Army International $47.7 million14 $17 million
January 9, 2012 Salvation Army15 $31.3 Million $13 Million

How specific is the organization about how it spent its funds?

We have not found a complete breakdown of Salvation Army's expenses in Haiti.

  • Salvation Army Haiti provides a list of outputs from its work in Haiti,16 and a list of programs in Haiti, including the duration and cost of each program.17 Based on the expenses for these projects and The Salvation Army's total spending in Haiti thus far, it does not appear that this list is comprehensive. It is also unclear which programs in the latter list are implemented and which are only planned.
  • Salvation Army Caribbean gives examples of activities and outputs in Haiti.18
  • Salvation Army International provides a list of its outputs in Haiti.19

Non-disaster relief activities

  • Salvation Army International reports figures as of January 1, 2007, on numbers of different programs and their capacity and how many they serve.20 It also provides a list of countries in which it is active.21
  • Salvation Army USA's Annual Report (2010) breaks down its 2009 program expenses in four categories,22 and provides a list23 of
    • people served in different types of programs
    • services provided
    • inputs such as types of personnel

We have not found a comprehensive breakdown of activities, or attribution of funds to activities, at a more detailed level.

Sources

  • 1.

    It says 'Salvation Army' in this column when it is unclear to us which Salvation Army entity the figures apply to, e.g. Salvation Army USA vs. Salvation Army International.

  • 2.
    "To date, more than $4.79 million has been donated to The Salvation Army's relief effort in Haiti." Salvation Army USA, "Salvation Army Provides Food for 7,000 Haitians, Medical Care to Hundreds."
    It is unclear to us what Salvation Army entity this figure applies to.
  • 3. Chronicle of Philanthropy, "A Roundup of Haiti Fund Raising."
  • 4. Chronicle of Philanthropy, "A Roundup of Haiti Fund Raising as of January 29."
  • 5. Chronicle of Philanthropy, "Haiti Donations Exceed $644-Million, as of February 3."
  • 6. Chronicle of Philanthropy, "American Charities Raise $709-Million for Haiti Relief, Chronicle Tally Finds."
  • 7. Chronicle of Philanthropy, "American Charities Raise $774-Million for Haiti Relief, Chronicle Tally Finds."
  • 8. Chronicle of Philanthropy, "$1.1-Billion Donated for Haiti Relief: Updated Tally (May 11)."
  • 9. Salvation Army USA, "The Salvation Army Disaster Response History (Updated)," Pg 3.
    It is unclear to us which Salvation Army entity this $20.5 million figure applies to.
  • 10.

    "As of June 30, 2010, SAWSO has received $22,280,583 in private funds for Haiti and has spent $9,433,267 to date." InterAction, "Haiti Accountability Report 2010." These numbers are for the Salvation Army World Service Office.

  • 11. Chronicle of Philanthropy, "Haiti Earthquake Fund Raising, One Year Later."
  • 12. Chronicle of Philanthropy, "Haiti Earthquake Fund Raising, One Year Later."
  • 13. "To date, The Salvation Army has raised:
    • $29 million from domestic sources
    • $10.8 million through international affiliates
    • Approximately 50 percent of this money has already been utilized on immediate response efforts
    • The remaining funding will be allocated to long-term recovery projects"

    Salvation Army Haiti, "The Salvation Army in Haiti:
    One Year Later, the Work Continues...."

    It is unclear to us what Salvation Army entities these raised and spent numbers applies to.

  • 14.

    "In the year since the earthquake struck a total of US$47.7 million was donated from around the world for The Salvation Army's work in Haiti. Of this, more than $17 million was used during the emergency response, allowing the Army to provide food, water, shelter, medical care and other essentials. The remaining funds are committed to use in long-term community development and reconstruction projects." Salvation Army International, "Haiti - Twelve Months on from the Earthquake."

  • 15.

    Chronicle of Philanthropy, "Haiti Earthquake Relief, Two Years Later - Responding to Haiti."

  • 16.

    "During the past 12 months, The Salvation Army has provided the following services to the people of Haiti:

    • 7.9 million meals
    • 1.5 million gallons of fresh water
    • 83,000 mosquito nets
    • 27,000 clinic visits
    • 8,100 cots
    • 8,000 cleaning kits / 7,600 personal hygiene kits
    • 4,000 tarps
    • 4,000 solar lights
    • More than 5,000 tents
    • 606 transitional shelters"

    Salvation Army Haiti, "The Salvation Army in Haiti:
    One Year Later, the Work Continues...."

  • 17.

    "The following long-term programs will be funded primarily through donor support. Some are already funded, while others are contingent on future giving:

    • School Repair and Construction - Rebuilding and renovation of more than 40 school buildings including upgrading facilities for handicap accessibility.
      • Duration of the program: 3 years
      • Cost: $6 million
    • Integrated Family Support - Providing support to impacted families through psychological/social counseling, vocational training, livelihood support grants and possibly permanent housing. The planned project will target Port-au-Prince and five other communities.
      • Duration of the program: 5 years
      • Cost: $3 to $6 million (dependent on funding grant)
    • Primary Health Care and Clinic - Rebuilding destroyed Salvation Army clinic in Port-au-Prince and support for expanding service.
      • Duration of the program: Determined by donor support
      • Cost: $1.75 million
    • Community Capacity Development - Intensive training for community leaders throughout Haiti to develop disaster response and project development skills.
      • Duration of the program: 3 years
      • Cost: $1.5 million
    • Psychological/Social Support for Children and Adolescents - Opening of nine multi-purpose units throughout Haiti to help young people manage emotional stress following the earthquake. Individual and group activities will include music and recreation programs.
      • Duration of the program: 3 years
      • Cost: $1.3 million
    • Vulnerable Children Support - Support for 300 children, some former residents of the destroyed Salvation Army children's home in Port-au-Prince, through financial assistance to families.
      • Duration of the program: Determined by donor support
      • Cost: $200,000 annually
    • Temporary Classrooms for College Verena - Providing temporary facilities for 1,500 students in Port-au-Prince while damanged/destroyed buildings are reconstructed.
      • Duration of the program: 1 month
      • Cost: $192,000
    • Emotional/Spiritual Support for Women - Support groups for women to assist in managing the trauma of the earthquake and the continued emotional strain of living in poverty.
      • Duration of the program: 3 years
      • Cost: $156,000
    • Internally Displaced Persons Camp - The Salvation Army managed a camp of 20,000 survivors since the earthquake until the end of October when the primary camp management was turned over to a committee of residents. Financial support for the camp continues.
      • Duration of the program: 3 years
      • Cost: $50,000 annually"

    Salvation Army Haiti, "The Salvation Army in Haiti:
    One Year Later, the Work Continues...."

  • 18.

    "The Salvation Army compound which in the heart of one of the poorest and most dangerous areas of the city, is made up of a school for 1500 students, a children's home for 52 orphans, a medical clinic that serves over 200 patients each day, a corps building with a seating capacity of 1000, the Divisional Headquarters for the Haiti Division with several staff apartments and a conference centre, several unattached officers' quarters and an administration building.... To date The Salvation Army has distributed some 750,000 meals and provided medical attention to over 250 patients a day at its clinic in Delmas 2." Salvation Army Caribbean, "Haiti Earthquake Relief report # 6."

  • 19.

    "During the past 12 months The Salvation Army has provided the following to the people of Haiti:

    7.9 million meals
    1.5 million gallons of fresh water
    83,000 mosquito nets
    27,000 clinic visits
    8,100 cots
    8,000 cleaning kits
    7,600 personal hygiene kits
    4,000 tarpaulins
    4,000 solar lights
    More than 5,000 tents
    606 transitional shelters." Salvation Army International, "Haiti - Twelve Months On From the Earthquake."

  • 20.

    Excerpts from the list Salvation Army International provides:

    • "Auxiliary-captains...143
      Lieutenants...604
      Envoys/sergeants, full-time...793
      Cadets...998
      Employees...107,902
      Senior soldiers...1,082,166
      Adherents...190,215
      Junior soldiers...360,222
      Corps cadets...36,374"
    • "Emergency Disaster Response
      Disaster rehabilitation schemes...268
      ...Participants...1,109,469
      Refugee programmes – host country...3
      ...Participants...138
      Refugee rehabilitation programmes...58
      ...Participants...13,886
      Other response programmes...1,962
      ...Participants...111,768

      Services to the Community
      Prisoners visited...409,014
      Prisoners helped on discharge...151,405
      Police courts – people helped...272,920
      Missing persons – applications...10,143
      ...Number traced...5,660
      Night patrol/anti-suicide...number helped...345,948
      Community youth programmes...2,780
      ...Beneficiaries...189,837
      Employment bureaux –
      ...applications...96,331
      ...initial referrals...185,630
      Counselling – people helped...435,789"

    Salvation Army International, "Statistics."

  • 21.

    Salvation Army International, "World Map."

  • 22.

    Program expenses (% is of total expenses):

    • Corps Community Centers: $592,730,000 (19%)
    • Rehabilitation Services: $630,288,000 (20%)
    • Residential & Institutional Services: $334,715,000 (11%)
    • Other Social Services: $986,991,000 (32%)

    Salvation Army USA, "Annual Report (2010)," Pg 21.

  • 23.

    Excerpts from the list:

    • "Personnel
      Officers 3,557
      Cadets 283
      Soldiers 107,393
      Members 400,055
      Employees 60,117
      Volunteers 3,411,613
      ..."
    • "People Served
      Basic Social Services 16,511,716
      Holiday Assistance 4,246,340
      Summer & Day Camps 180,585
      Disaster Assistance 955,440
      Persons Visited In Institutions 2,714,759
      Job Referrals 82,346
      Correctional Services 433,998
      ..."
    • "Services
      Meals Served 64,039,211
      Lodgings Supplied 10,292,835
      Welfare Orders – Cash Grants 6,716,866
      Tangible Items Distributed – 21,650,038
      Clothes, Furniture, Gifts 102,698,950"

    Salvation Army USA, "Annual Report (2010)," Pgs 22-23.
    We are unsure but would guess these numbers applies to Salvation Army USA (as opposed to e.g. Salvation Army Internvational).